Women’s heart health may benefit more from hugs than men’s, a study suggests.A team from the University of North Carolina studied the effects of hugging on both partners in 38 couples.
The study showed hugs increased levels of oxytocin, a “bonding” hormone, and reduced blood pressure – which cuts the risk of heart disease.
But, writing in the Psychosomatic Medicine, the researchers said women recorded greater reductions in blood pressure than men after their hugs.
Emotional intelligence is the capacity for recognizing our own feelings and those of others, for motivating
ourselves and for managing emotions effectively in ourselves and others. An emotional competence is a
learned capacity based on emotional intelligence that contributes to effective performance at work.
Building upon and integrating a great deal of competency research, Goleman, Boyatzis, and McKee (2002) presented a model of emotional intelligence with eighteen competencies arrayed in four clusters (Boyatzis, 1982; Spencer & Spencer, 1993; Rosier, 1994-1997; Jacobs, 1997; Goleman, 1998). They are:
- The Self-awareness Cluster included Emotional Self-Awareness, Accurate
Self-assessment, and Self-confidence;
- The Self-Management Cluster included Emotional Self-control, Achievement,
Initiative, Transparency, Adaptability, and Optimism;
- The Social Awareness Cluster included Empathy, Service Orientation, and
- The Relationship Management Cluster included Inspirational Leadership,
Influence, Conflict Management, Change Catalyst, Developing Others, Teamwork and Collaboration.
The Emotional Competence Inventory 2.0 (ECI) measures 18 competencies organized into four clusters: Self-Awareness, Self-Management, Social Awareness, and Relationship Management.
Emotional Self-Awareness: Recognizing one’s emotions and their effects
Emotional Self-Control: Keeping disruptive emotions and impulses in check
Adaptability: Flexibility in handling change
Achievement Orientation: Striving to improve or meeting a standard of excellence
Positive Outlook: Persistence in pursuing goals despite obstacles and setbacks
Empathy: Sensing others’ feelings and perspectives, and taking an active interest in their concerns
Organizational Awareness: Reading a group’s emotional currents and power relationships
Coach and Mentor: Sensing others’ development needs and bolstering their abilities
Inspirational Leadership: Inspiring and guiding individuals and groups
Influence: Wielding effective tactics for persuasion
Conflict Management: Negotiating and resolving disagreements
Teamwork: Working with others toward shared goals. Creating group synergy in pursuing collective goals.